= mfj;jpah; rd;khh;f;f rq;fk;
Xq;fhuf;Fby;> JiwA+u;.

 


mfj;jpah; Jiz

rpj;jh;fs; Nghw;wpj; njhFg;G

njhFj;jth;
fy;fp mtjhukhfpa Nkhdepiyfz;l cyfg;Nguhrhd;> rptuh[Nahfp> uh[hp~p> FUehjh;> jtj;jpU
nuq;fuh[ Njrpf Rthkpfs;

= mfj;jpah; rd;khh;f;f rq;fk;>
Xq;fhuf;Fby;> JiwA+h; - 621 010. 04327-255184> 255384.

7-MtJ
ntspaPL - 22.09.2002 jPl;ir tpoh

kfhd; rpNde;jpu khKdpth;

           mth;fspd; mwpTiuapd;gb ehk; ekJ fUj;Jf;fis nrhy;Ytjpy; Fw;wkpy;iy. Mdhy;> kw;wtw;iwg; gw;wp Fiw$WtJ Md;kPfj;jpw;F mofy;y vd;W nrhy;ypajhy; 6-Mk; ntspaPlhd rpj;jh;fs; Nghw;wpj; njhFg;gpy; rpy gFjpfs; ePf;fptpl;Nlhk;. NkYk;> 7-Mk; ntspaPl;by; rpy khw;wq;fs; nra;J ntspapl;bUf;fpd;Nwhk; vd;gij md;gh;fSf;F njhptpj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwhk;.

           NkYk; ,e;E}ypy; gpio jpUj;jk; nra;J ntspapl cjtpa md;gh; ,uh. khjtd; mth;fis kdkhu tho;j;JfpNwd;.

ey;yhrpAld;>
Xq;fhuf;Fbyhrhd;.

FUehjh; jtj;jpU. nuq;fuh[ Njrpf Rthkpfs; mth;fs;
mUspa ,t; mhpa E}ypd; rpwg;Gfs;

          nja;tPfkhd ,e;j E}iy ifapy; vLj;J gbf;Fk;NghJ vy;yh Qhdpah;fSk; ek;ik #o;e;Jnfhz;L Mrp toq;Fthh;fs;. mjd; fhuzkhf ekf;F Vw;gl;Ls;s fld; Rik jPUk;. nry;tepiy ngUFk;. cly; MNuhf;fpaKk; cz;lhFk;. ey;y gz;Gs;s Gj;jpu ghf;fpak; mikAk;. FLk;gj;jpy; mikjp Vw;gLk;. Kd;nra;j tpidapd; fhuzkhf ekf;F VNjDk; Jd;gk; te;jhy; mJ Kd;nra;j tpidjhd; vd;W czh;thNu jtpu> mz;zd; nra;tpid nra;Jtpl;lhd;> jk;gp nra;tpid nra;J tpl;lhd; my;yJ ez;gd; nra;tpid nra;Jtpl;lhd; vd;W ahNuDk; nrhd;dhy; mij ek;gkhl;lhh;fs;. jhk; nra;j ghtk; vd;W vz;Zthh;fs;.

           Qhdpah;fspd; Mrp ,Ug;gjhy; vijAk; Mo;e;J rpe;jpj;J KbntLf;Fk; rpwg;gwpT cz;lhFk;. ve;j Jd;gj;ijAk; fz;L mQ;rkhl;lhh;fs;. fhuzk; Qhdpah;fspd; Mrp ,Ug;gjhy;. NkYk; ,e;j rpj;jh;fs; Nghw;wpj; njhFg;ig ghuhazk; nra;jhy; vtUila #o;r;rpf;Fk;> tQ;rfj;jpw;Fk; Ml;glkhl;lhh;fs;.

           gz;Gs;s el;G ngUFk;. gz;gw;w el;G xU fhyj;jpy; mika Neh;e;jhy; mjd; Nghf;fpy; nrd;W if eOt tpl;L tpLthh;fs;. vy;yh tifahd rpwe;j Fzg;gz;GfSk; mikAk;.

           NkYk; jk;Kila Jd;gk; jPUtjw;fhf rpWnja;tq;fSf;F caph;g;gyp nfhLg;gij ghtk; vd;W vz;Zthh;fs;. ,iwaUs; ngWtjw;Fk; nka; Qhdk; rpj;jp miltjw;Fk; "Xk; mfj;jPrha ek" vd;W nrhy;Yk; ehkn[gk; xd;Wjhd; Kf;fpakhdJ vd;W mwpthh;fs;. kw;w rlq;Ffs; vy;yhk; tPz; Muthuj;jd;ik vd;Wk; mwpthh;fs;. NkYk; cyfj;jpYs;s Md;kPfthjpfis ,td; cz;ikahdtdh? my;yJ nghUs; ntwpadh? fhKfdh? vd;W mwpfpd;w mwpNt kpfr;rpwe;j mwpthFk;.

           cz;ikahd Md;kPfthjp vd;why; mth; Jiznfhz;L n[d;kj;ijf; filj;Njw;wpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lnkd;w Mh;tk; cz;lhFk;.
kw;w ,y;ywj;jhh;fs;Nghy; Nghyp Md;kPfthjpfsplk; nrd;W nghUisAk;> fhyj;ijAk; tPz; nra;akhl;lhh;fs;. cyfj;jpYs;s ed;ik> jPik mwpe;J nfhs;SjYk; NkYk; ez;gh; ahh;? gifth; ahh;? vd;W mwpfpd;w rpwg;gwpTk; cz;lhFk;. NkYk; ngw;w jha;> je;ijaplk; md;G fhl;LjYk;> kidtpia kjpj;jYk;> mtUf;F Jizahf ,Uj;jYk;> gps;isfSf;Fr; nra;aNtz;ba flikfis nra;jYk;> tpUe;ij cgrhpj;J el;ig ngUf;FjYk; Mfpa vy;yhtifahd Fzg;gz;GfSk; Mrhd; mfj;jPrd; Mrpahy; ngwKbAk;.

           NkYk; ViofSf;Fg; grpahw;Wtpg;gNj jiyrpwe;j nfhs;if vd;W mwpjYk;> nka;Qhdk; mila neLq;fhyk; MFk; vd;Wk;> mtrug;gLtJ mwpahik vd;Wk; mwpthh;fs;.

           MfNt> ,e;j mhpa rpj;jh;fs; Nghw;wpj; njhFg;G E}y; kdpj th;f;fj;jpw;F xU Qhd nghf;fp\khFk;. ,JNt Qhd tho;Tf;F xU rpwe;j topfhl;L E}y; vd;W vz;zp Nghw;wg;gl Ntz;Lk;;.

ghhp Yah;e;jJ gf;jp- mij
  gw;wpd Ngh;f;Fz;L NktUKj;jp
rPhp Yaul;l rpj;jp - ahh;f;FQ
  rpj;jpf;F Nkrptd; nraypdhy; gf;jp
 
- fLntspr;rpj;jh;.

Nkw;fz;l fLntspr;rpj;jh; ghlypd; rhuk;

cyfj;jpy; xUrpyh; Nahfhg;gpahrkhfpa Nahfg;gapw;rp nra;jhy; flTis milayhk; vd;W vz;Zthh;fs;. xUrpyh; nre;J}uk;> Rz;zk;> g];gk;> Nyfpak; kw;Wk; gy;NtW tifahd %ypiffis rhg;gpl;lhy; fharpj;jp ngw;W Qhdk; ngwyhk; vd;W epidg;ghh;fs;. xUrpyh; kl;Lk; etNfhb rpj;jh;fSf;Fj; jiytUk; FUKdp gl;lk; ngw;w mfj;jPriu cUfp jpahdk; nra;jhy; ghtq;fs; ePq;fp> Gz;zpak; ngUFk; vd;Wk;> Md;khitg; gw;wpAk;> Md;kh Vd; khRgl;lJ vd;gij mwpe;Jk;> Md;kh khR ePq;fpdhy; Md;kN[hjp Njhd;Wk; vd;Wk;> mJNt kuzkpy;yhg; ngUtho;T if$Lk; vd;Wk; mwpe;J Mrhd; mfj;jPrid jhahfTk; je;ijahfTk;> FUthfTk;> FiwjPh;f;Fk; Fynja;tkhfTk; vz;zp G+[pg;ghh;fs;. ,th;fNs ngUk;NgW ngw;wth; Mthh;fs;. ,th;fs; Mf;fy;> fhj;jy;> mopj;jy;> kiwj;jy;> mUsy; Mfpa Ie;njhopYk; nra;Ak; ty;yth; Mthh;fs;. gf;jpNa NahfKk;> QhdKk; rpj;jpf;Fk;.

jpUtb Narpt khtJ Njhpy;
jpUtb Narpt NyhfQ; rpe;jpf;fpy;
jpUtb Nanry; fjpaJ nrg;gpy;
jpUtb NajQ;rk; cs;njsp thh;f;Nf.
-jpUke;jpuk; -138.

           ,e;j E}ypYs;s rpj;jh;fs; Nghw;wpj; njhFg;ig fhiy> khiy gagf;jpAld; ghuhazk; nra;Jte;jhy; mtuth;fSf;Fs;s vy;yhj; Jd;gq;fSk; ePq;fp gy ed;ikfSk; ngWthh;fs;. ,ijtpl Nkk;gl;l gf;jp ,Ug;gjhfj; njhpatpy;iy. ,JNt kuzkpyhg; ngUtho;Tf;F cw;w JizahFk;. nja;tPfkhd rpj;jh;fs; Nghw;wpj; njhFg;ghfpa ,e;j E}iy (rl;il ghf;nfl;by;) rl;il igapy; itj;Jf;nfhz;L vq;F nrd;whYk; gifth;fshy; ,ilA+W tuhJ. J\;l NjtijfshYk;> J\;l [e;Jf;fshYk; ,ilA+W tuhJ. epidj;j fhhpak; if$Lk;.

           jpdKk; fhiyapy; "Xk; mfj;jPrha ek" vd;W 108 Kiw ehkn[gk; nra;jhy; ehk; nra;af;$ba nray;fspy; ed;ik (Gz;zpk;)> jPik (ghtk;) mwpa KbAk;. ekJ nray;fspy; ghtGz;zpaj;ij mwptNj mwpthFk;. ghtj;ij ePf;fp Gz;zpaj;ij ngUf;FtNj rpwg;gwpthFk;. Gz;zpak; ngUfg; ngUf Md;khitg; gw;wp mwpaf;$ba mwpT cz;lhFk;. Gz;zpa gyj;jhYk;> Mrhd; mfj;jPrd; MrpahYk; Md;kh Kk;kynkd;Dk; (ky> [y> Rf;fpyk;) rpiwapy; mfg;gl;l tptuk; mwpaKbAk;.

           NkYk; NkYk; Gz;zpaKk;> mUs;gyKk; ,Ue;jhy; rpiwgl;l Md;khit tpLtpf;ff;$ba Mrp fpilf;Fk;. tpLtpf;fg;gl;l [Pthd;kh gukhd;khNthL ,uz;lwf; fyf;Fk;. mJNt Md;k N[hjp (mUl;ngUQ;N[hjp) ahf khWk;. ,t;thpa tha;g;igg; ngw;w kfhd;fis mUl;ngUQ;N[hjp Mz;lth; vd;gh;. ,th;fNs Mf;fy;> fhj;jy;> mopj;jy;> kiwj;jy;> mUsy; vd;Dk; Ie;njhopy; nra;Ak; ty;yth;fs; Mthh;fs;.

           ekf;Fg; nghUs; Nrh;f;Fk;NghJ ,e;j nghUs; newpf;Fl;gl;L te;jjh my;yJ newpf;F cl;glhJ te;jjh vd;W mwpaf;$ba mwpTk;> newpf;Fl;gl;L te;j nghUs;jhd; vd;why; mg;nghUs; jdf;Fk; jd;re;jjpf;Fk; gad;gLk;. newpf;Fl;glhj nghUs; vd;why; mg;nghUs; jdf;Fk; jd; re;jjpfSf;Fk; gy Jd;gq;fisj; je;J ifeOtpg; NghFk;. ,ij mwpe;J nfhs;tjw;Fk; Mrhd; mfj;jPrd; Mrp Ntz;Lk;. vdNt ehk; "Xk; mfj;jPrha ek" vd;W ehkn[gk; nra;J Mrhd; mfj;jPrd; Mrpia ngw;Wf;nfhs;sNtz;Lk;.

jhdKk; jtKk; jhd;nra;thuhfpy;
thdth; ehL topjpwe;jpLNk
-xsitahh;

           ViofSf;F grpahw;Wtpj;jy;> ViofSf;F Mil toq;Fjy;> NehAw;wtUf;F kUj;Jtk; nra;jy;> fy;tpf;F cjtp nra;jy;> cah;e;Njhh;> jho;e;Njhh; vd;W ghuhJ rkNehf;NfhL md;G fhl;Ljy; kw;wth;fis kjpj;jYk;> kdk; tpl;Lg;goFjYk;> kyh;e;j Kfj;NjhL kdk; nghUe;jpa ,d;nrhw;fSk;> jk;khy; Kbe;j msTf;F gpw caph;fSf;F kfpo;r;rpahdtw;iwr; nra;jYk;> ehk; mwpe;j cz;ikg;nghUis kw;wtUf;F kdjpy; gjpAk; tz;zk; nrhy;YjYk; Mfpa midj;Jk; jhdj;ijr; Nrh;e;jjhFk;.

           jpahdk; vd;gJ Kw;Wg;ngw;w KdptUk; AfAfkhf ,Ue;J md;gh;fSila Jd;gj;ij ePf;ff; $batUk;> FUKdpth; vd;Dk; gl;lk;ngw;w mfj;jPrd; jpUtbiag; gw;wp G+[pg;gJk;> mth; ehkj;ijr; nrhy;yp ehkn[gk; nra;tJk; MfpaitNa jpahdkhFk;.

           Fwpg;G : "Xk; mfj;jPrha ek" vd;W Fiwe;jJ 108 KiwahtJ nrhy;YtJ ey;yNj.

           grpj;jth;fSf;Fg; grpia ePf;Ffpd;w tp\aj;jpy; fztid kidtp jLj;jhYk;> kidtpiaf; fztd; jLj;jhYk;> je;ijiag; gps;isfs; jLj;jhYk;> gps;isfisj; je;ij jLj;jhYk;> rPlid Mrhd; jLj;jhYk;> mbahiu Mz;ltd; jLj;jhYk;> Fbfis murd; jLj;jhYk;> me;j jilfshy; jsh;r;rpailahky; mtuth;fs; nra;j ed;ik jPikfs; mtutiu Ngha;r; NrUky;yhJ NtW ,lj;Jf;Fg; Nghfhnjd;gij cz;ikahf ek;gp grpahw;Wtpg;gijNa tpujkhf mDrhpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W ehk; mwpaNtz;Lk;.

           [Pth;fisg; grpnad;fpw mghaj;jpypUe;J ePq;fr; nra;fpd;w cj;jkh;fs; ve;j [hjpapduhapDk;> ve;j kjj;jtuhapDk;> ve;j nfhs;ifia cilath;fshapDk;> Njth;> Kdpth;> rpj;jh;> Nahfh; Kjypa ahtuhYk; tzq;fj;jf;f rpwg;Gilath;fs; Mthh;fnsd;W rh;t rf;jpAila flTs; rhl;rpahf rj;jpak; nra;ag;gLnkd;W mwpa Ntz;Lk;. grp ePq;f cz;L re;Njh\pj;jth;fs; jkf;F czT nfhLj;j Gz;zpah;fisj; nja;tkhfg; ghtpf;fpwhh;fshjyhy; jkf;Fg; grpahw;Wtpj;j ,th;fis nja;tnkd;W cz;ikahf mwpaNtz;Lk;.

md;G nghUe;jptho mfj;jPrh vd;W $Wq;fs;.
Mf;fk; ngw;Wtho mfj;jPrh vd;W $Wq;fs;.
,y;ywk; rpwf;f mfj;jPrh vd;W $Wq;fs;.
<if Fzk; ngw mfj;jPrh vd;W $Wq;fs;.
cz;ikg;nghUs; mwpa mfj;jPrh vd;W $Wq;fs;.
Cf;fk;ngw mfj;jPrh vd;W $Wq;fs;.
vz;zk; rpj;jpf;f mfj;jPrh vd;W $Wq;fs;.
Vw;wk; ngw;wpl mfj;jPrh vd;W $Wq;fs;.
Iak; ePq;fpl mfj;jPrh vd;W $Wq;fs;.
xz;nghUs; ngw;wpl mfj;jPrh vd;W $Wq;fs;.
Xq;fhuk; fz;bl mfj;jPrh vd;W $Wq;fs;.
Xsljk; mwpe;jpl mfj;jPrh vd;W $Wq;fs;.

,wyPDk; vz;zhJ nt/fpd; tpwyPDk;
Ntz;lhik vd;DQ; nrUf;F
- Fws; 180.


Nkw;fz;l Fwspd; rhuk;

          
nghUisf; fz;L kaq;fhj NguwpNt ngUkpjk; cz;Lgz;Zk;. NkYk; $w;WtidAk; nty;yyhk;. nghUisf;fz;L kaq;fpdhy; njUtpy; nry;Yk; vkid ifj;jl;b miog;gjw;F xg;ghFk;.

jpUtb Qhdk; rptkhf;F tpf;Fk;
jpUtb Qhdk; rptNyhfk; Nrh;f;Fk;
jpUtb Qhdk; rpiwkyk; kPl;Fk;
jpUtb QhdNk jpz;rpj;jp Kj;jpNa
-jpUke;jpuk; 1598.

Nkw;fz;l ftp - 1598 d; rhuk;

           Mrhd; mfj;jPrh; jpUtbia cUfp jpahdpj;jYk;> mth; ehkj;ijr; nrhy;yp ehkn[gk; nra;tJk;> ekJ Md;kh Kk;kykhfpa rpiwapy; mfg;gl;lJ tpLtpf;fg;gLk;. NkYk; QhdKk; rpj;jpf;Fk;.

kz;kiy aj;jid khjdk; <apDk;
mz;zy; ,tndd;Nw mQ;ryp aj;jdha;
vz;zp apiwQ;rhjhh;f;F <e;j ,UtUk;
ez;Zth; Voh euff; FopapNy
-jpUke;jpuk; - 508

           Qhdj;jpw;F jiyth; Mrhd; mfj;jPrh;jhd; vd;W mwpe;J G+i[ nra;ahj Md;kPfthjpfSf;F ,y;ywj;jhh;fs; nghUs; je;jhy; nghUisf; nfhLg;gtUf;Fk; eufk;> nghUs; ngWgtUf;Fk; eufk;.

rptid topgl;lhh; vz;zpyhj; Njth;
mtid topgl;L mq;F MkhW xd;wpy;iy
mtid topgl;L mq;F MkhW fhl;Lk;
FUit topgbd; $lY khNk
-jpUke;jpuk; - 2119.

             mNef Nfhb kf;fs; rptid G+i[ nra;fpwhh;fs;. Mdhy; rptd; ahnud;W mwpe;J G+i[ nra;ahjjhy; ngwf;$ba Md;kyhgk; ngwKbahky; Nghfpwhh;fs;. Mrhd; mfj;jPrd;jhd; rptngUkhd; vd;W mwpe;J G+i[ nra;jhy; vy;yh ed;ikfisAk; ngwyhk;. NkYk; QhdKk; rpj;jpf;Fk;> kuzkpy;yhg; ngUtho;T ngwyhk;.

ngUkhd; ,tndd;W Ngrp apUf;Fe;
jpUkhdplh; gpd;idj; NjtU khth;
tUkh jth;f;F kfpo;e;jUs; nra;Ak;
mUkh jtj;njq;fs; Mjpg; gpuhNd.
-jpUke;jpuk; ftp -303.

           ngUikf;Fhpa jiyth; Mrhd; mfj;jPriu Gfo;e;J Ngrpdhy; rhjhuz kdpjh;fSk; cah;e;j kdpjuhth;. mJ kl;Lky;yhJ Mrhd; mfj;jPriu G+[pj;Jk;> J}a kdNjhL Gfo;e;Jk; Ngrpdhy; QhdpAk; Mthh;. Mrhd; mfj;jPriu Gfo;e;J NgRfpd;wth;fSf;Fk; mUs; nra;thh;. Ngr;ir Nfl;L mfj;jPriu G+[pg;gth;fSf;Fk; mUs; nra;thh;. vdNt J}a kdNjhL Gfo;e;J Ngrpdhy; NgRfpd;wth; Qhdpahthh; vd;gJ rj;jpak;.

,iwab jho;e;JI tzf;fKk; va;jpf;
FiwaJ $wpf; Fzq;nfhz;L Nghw;wr;
rpiwAly; ePawf; fhl;br; rptj;NjhL
mwpTf;F mwptpg;Nghd; rd;khh;f;fp ahNk.
- jpUke;jpuk; 1701.
mfj;jpa khhp~p ekh vd;nwd;NwhJ
  m\;l rpj;Jjid <thh; Fspif <thh;
mfj;jpaNu fh\ha Ntl kPthh;
  mg;NghJ rpj;jnuy;yhk; iff; nfhs;thh;fs;
mfj;jpaiuj; njz;ldpl;L NkU nry;y
  ahUf;Fk; jilapy;iy muNr nad;ghh;
mfj;jpah; jhk; vf;fpaj;jpy; gpwe;j Nahfp
  Mapuj;njl;L mz;lnky;yhk; Mizahr;Nr.
-nfhq;fzh; filf;fhz;lk; 500 y; 76.

Nkw;fz;l nfhq;fz kfhp~p ftpapd; rhuk;

           cyfj;jpy; Md;kPfthjpfs; rpyh; Qhdtho;T ngw tpUk;Gthh;fs;. mjw;F gytifapy; gf;jp newpiaf; filgpbg;ghh;fs;. etNfhb rpj;jh;fSf;Fj; jiytUk;> FUKdp> Fk;gKdp vd;W gl;;lk; ngw;wtUkhd Mrhd; mfj;jPriu G+i[ nra;jhy;jhd; Qhdk; rpj;jpf;Fk; vd;gij mwpakhl;lhh;fs;. fhuzk;> mth;fspd; tpidf; FiwNa. ey;tpid cs;sth;fs; kl;Lk; Mrhd; mfj;jPrh;jhd; gug;gpuk;k nrh&gp vd;Wk;> ekJ ghtj;ij vy;yhk; nghbahf;ff;$ba ty;yth; vd;Wk; mwpe;J nfhs;thh;fs;.

           Mrhd; mfj;jPrid fhiy khiy "Xk; mfj;jPrha ek" vd;W ehkn[gk; nra;J ePNu nghpNahh; vd;Wk;> vd; Fiwfis vy;yhk; ePf;Fk; ty;yth; vd;Wk;> vd; mfKk; GwKk; ,Ue;J vdf;F cz;ikia czh;j;jf;$ba ngUe;jif vd;Wk;> tzq;fp G+[pj;J Mrp ngWthh;fs;. mth;fSf;Fj;jhd; Mrhd; mfj;jPrh; fhtp cil je;J Mrp jUthh;. NkYk; Mrhd; mfj;jPrh; fhtp cil je;j gpd; vy;yh QhdpfSk; #o;e;J> fhtp cil ngw;wth;fSf;F mUs; nra;thh;fs;. Qhd tho;it Mrhd; mfj;jPrh; md;wp NtWahUk; jUtjw;F mjpfhuk; ,y;iy. cyfj;jpy; rpj;jpngw;w mj;jid QhdpfSk;> mfj;jPrd; Mrp ngw;wth;fNs Mthh;fs;. mfj;jPrh; Mizaplhky; cyfj;jpd; ve;j QhdpfSk; ekf;F mUs; nra;akhl;lhh;fs;. vdNt> mfj;jPriu G+[pj;Jk;> mth; Mrp ngw;w midj;J Qhdpfspd; MrpiaAk; ngw;W Qhdk; ngw;W tho;Nthk;.

fhg;ghd fUT+uhh; Nghfehjh;
fUizAs;s mfj;jPrh; rl;ilehjh;
%g;ghd nfhq;fzUk; gpuk;kr;rpj;jh;
Kf;fpakha; kr;rKdp ee;jpNjth;
Nfhg;ghd Nfhuf;fh; gjQ;rypahh;
$h;ikAs;s ,ilf;fhlh; rz;bNfrh;
thg;ghd thjj;jpw;F Mjpahd
thrKdp fkyKdp fhg;GjhNd.
 
-Nuhkhp~p G+[htpjp 7y; ftp-2.

Nkw;fz;l ftpapd; rhuk;

           fUT+uhh;> Nghfehjh;> mfj;jPrh;> rl;ilKdp> nfhq;fzh;> gpuk;kKdp> kr;rKdp> ee;jPrh;> Nfhuf;fh;> gjQ;rypahh;> ,ilf;fhlh;> rz;bNfrh;> J}h;thrh;> fkyKdp.

           kfhd; Nuhkhp~p fUiznfhz;L mUspa ,e;j fhg;Gr; nra;Aspy; Nkw;fz;l 14 kfhd;fSk; vkid gyfhukhfr; nra;J tpOq;fpath;fs;. ,th;fspd; ehkj;ijr; nrhy;yp G+[pj;jhy; nfhba Gw;WNeha;> njhONeha; ,d;Dk; fzf;fpylq;fh gy Neha;fSk; ePq;fptpLk;. ekJ ifahy; tpG+jp nfhLj;jhy;> tpG+jp ngWgth;fSf;F vy;yh Neha;fSk; ePq;fptpLk;. NkYk; ekf;F mstpy;yh ngUk; rf;jpAk; fpilf;Fk;. QhdKk; if$Lk;> kuzkpy;yhg; ngUtho;Tk; ngwyhk;. ek;ikr; rhh;e;jpUg;gth;fSf;Fk; ghtq;fs; ePq;fp Gz;zpak; ngUFk;.


neQ;rhu epidg;gth;f;F epoy; Mthid
  ePq;fhjhh; Fyk; jiof;f epjpahthidr;
nrQ;rhyp taw;nghopy;#o; jpy;iy %J}Hr;
  rpyk;nghyp Nghy; ghLfpd;w rpj;jd; jd;id
ntQ;rhgKkpy;iy xU tpidAkpy;iy
  NtYz;L JiztUq;fhy; ntw;wpAz;lhk;
mQ;rhjPh; vd;W AfAfj;Jk; Njhd;Wk;
  mfj;jpaid mUl;FUit mfj;Js; itg;ghk;.
 
- jdpg;ghly;.


Nkw;fz;l ftpapd; rhuk;

           Mrhd; mfj;jPriu kdkhu G+i[ nra;fpwth;fSf;F Fsph;r;rp nghUe;jpa epoYkhthh;. mJkl;Lky;y ekJ tWikiaAk; jPh;j;J NkYk; ekJ re;jjpah;fSf;F nry;tepiy ngUfr;nra;thh;. jpy;iytho; mk;gythzh; fhy; rpyk;nghyp Nghy; fzPh;> fzPh; vd;W ghlYk; ghbAs;shh;. mfj;jPriu njhlh;e;J G+i[ nra;jhy; rhgq;fSk;> ghtq;fSk; ePq;Fk;. NkYk; Qhdgz;bjhpd; Nty; gilAk; Jiz epw;Fk;. vdNt> ehk; Mrhd; mfj;jPriu G+[pj;J Mrp ngWNthkhf.

Jtf;fg;ghly;

jpUtb Qhdk; rptkhf;F tpf;Fk;
jpUtb Qhdk; rptNyhfk; Nrh;f;Fk;
jpUtb Qhdk; rpiwkyk; kPl;Fk
jpUtb QhdNk jpz;rpj;jp Kj;jpNa.
- jpUke;jpuk; 1598.

           Qhdpah;fspd; jpUtb G+i[jhd; cz;ik Md;kPfk; vd;W cyfwpar;nra;j ts;sy;> FUehjh; jtj;jpU. nuq;fuh[ Njrpf Rthkpfs; mth;fs; njhFj;J toq;fpa


rpj;jh;fs; Nghw;wpj; njhFg;G

Xk; mfj;jpah; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; mfg;igr;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; mRtpdpj;Njth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; mj;jphp kfhp~p jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; mEkhd; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; mk;gpfhde;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; mUzfphpehjh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; mUs;ee;jprpthr;rhhpahh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; my;ykhgpuG jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; mOfz;zpr;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
10
Xk; ,ilf;fhlh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; ,uhkypq;fRthkpfs; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; ,uhkNjth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; ,uhkhde;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; ckhgjp rpthr;rhhpahh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; xsitahh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; fQ;rkiyr;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; filg;gps;isr;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; fLntspr;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; fz;zhde;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
20
Xk; fz;zpr;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; fzehjh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; fzgjpjhrh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; fjk;gkfhp~p jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; fgpyh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; fkyKdpth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; fUT+h;Njth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; fy;Yspr;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; fiyf;Nfhl;L Kdpth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; fTghyr;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
30
Xk; fzuhkh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; fhfG[z;lh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; fhrpgh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; fhyhq;fpehjh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; Fifekr;rpthah; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; Fjk;igr;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; FkuFUguh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; FUjl;rzh%h;j;jp jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; FUuh[h; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; FWk;igr;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
40
Xk; $h;khde;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; nfhq;fNz];tuh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; Nfhuf;fh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; nfsrpfh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; nfsjkh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; rq;fKdpr; rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; rq;fu kfhp~p jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; rq;fpypr;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; rr;rpjhde;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; rl;lehjh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
50
Xk; rz;bNfrh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; rj;ahde;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; rptNahfkhKdpth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; rptthf;fpah; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; rpthde;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; Rfg;gpuk;kh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; Re;juhde;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; Re;ju%h;j;jp jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; #jKdpth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; #hpahde;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
60
Xk; #yKdpth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; NrJKdpth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; nrh&ghde;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; [k;G kfhp~p jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; [kjf;dp jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; [dfh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; [de;jdh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; [dhjdh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; [df;Fkhuh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; n[fehjh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
70
Xk; n[aKdpth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; Qhdr;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; lkhuhde;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; jd;te;jphp jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; jhAkhd Rthkpfs; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; jhde;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; jpUNfhzr;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; jpUQhdrk;ge;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; jpUehTf;furh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; jpUkhspif Njth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
80
Xk; jpU%yNjth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; jpUts;Sth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; J}h;thrKdpth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; Njiuah; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; ee;jdhh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; ee;jP];tuh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; ehjhe;jrpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; ehujh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; nehz;br;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; gl;bdj;jhh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
90
Xk; gj;ufphpahh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; gjQ;rypahh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; guj;Jthrh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; gukhde;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; guhrhp~p jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; ghk;ghl;br;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; gpq;fsKdpth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; gpbehfPrh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; gpUFkfhp~p jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; gpUk;kKdpth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
100

Xk; gPh;KfkJ jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; Gz;zhf;fPrh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; Gyj;jPrh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; Gypg;ghzpr;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; G+idf;fz;zhh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; Nghfkfhhp~p jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; kr;rKdpth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; k];jhd; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; kA+Nurh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; khzpf;fthrfh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp

110
Xk; khh;f;fz;Nlah; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; khyhq;fd; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; kpUfz;lhp~p jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; Kj;jhde;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; nka;fz;lNjth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; nksdrpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; ahNfhG jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; A+fpKdpth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; Nahfr;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; Nahfhde;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
120
Xk; Nuhkhp~p jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; trp\;lkfhp~p jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; tujhp~p jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; tuhp~p jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; tuhfpkpfp jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; thy;kPfp jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; tpRthkpj;jpuh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; tpahf;ukh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; tpahrKdpth; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; tpisahl;Lr;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
Xk; Ntjhe;jr;rpj;jh; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp
131
Xk; vz;zpyh Nfhb rpj;jhp~p fzq;fs; jpUtbfs; Nghw;wp Nghw;wp

epiwTg;ghly;

tho;fNt tho;fvd; ee;jp jpUtb
tho;fNt tho;f kykWj; jhd;gjk;
tho;fNt tho;fnka;Q; Qhdj; jtd;jhs;
tho;fNt tho;f kykpyhd; ghjNk.
-jpUke;jpuk;.

           rhpia> fphpia> Nahfk;> Qhdk; Mfpa ehd;ifAk; Muha;e;J mwpe;Jjhd; Md;kyhgk; milaKbAk; vd;W epidg;gijtpl Mrhd; mfj;jPriu "Xk; mfj;jPrha ek" vd;W ehkn[gk; nra;J mbNaDf;F Qhdk; rpj;jpf;f Ntz;Lnkd;Wk; mjw;Fhpa mwpTk;> ghpgf;FtKk; Ntz;Lnkd;Wk; jpde;jpdKk; cUfp jpahdk; nra;fpwth;fs; Qhdpahthh;fs;.

           jj;Jtk; njhd;D}w;W MiwAk; tplhJ gbj;J kdg;ghlk; nra;J mjd; El;gj;ij mwptijtpl jpde;jpdKk; FUKdpahfpa Mrhd; mfj;jPriu G+i[ nra;jhy; jj;Jtk; njhd;D}w;W MWk; jhNd Gyg;gLk;. Qhdj;jpw;Fhpa mwpTk; czh;j;jg;gLk;.

           mJkl;Lky;y Nahfk; nra;J mjd; %ykhf jd; clk;ig nfLj;Jf;nfhz;L Fly;Gz; te;J if> fhy;fs; tPq;fp mepahakhf rhfpd;w epiyik tuhJ.

           neLehs; ,e;j clk;NghL tho;tjw;fhf nre;J}uk;> g];gk;> Rz;zk;> gytifahd %ypif #uz tiffisAk;> Nyfpa tiffisAk; %yg;Gs;sp> mKhp vd;Dk; kyKk;> rpWePUk; rhg;gpl;L neLehs; thog;Nghtjhf epidj;J rhg;gpl;lth;fs; vy;yhk; Neha;tha;g;gl;L nfhLikahf if> fhy;fs; tPq;fp nrj;jhh;fNs jtpu cz;ikahd fw;gj;ij mwpatpy;iy.

xypglUq; Fz;lypdpia cd;dpAzh; thnyOg;gpr;
ROKidapd; jhs;jpwe;J J}z;LtJ nkf;fhyk;.
-gj;ufphpahh; - 94.

          vd;W kfhd; gj;ufphpahh; mUspAs;shh;fs;. MfNt Fz;lypdp rf;jp vd;gJ Mrhd; mfj;jPrh; Mrpahy; thrp (%r;Rf;fhw;W) trg;gl;lhy; mf;fhw;W %yhjhuj;jpy; jq;fp gj;J tifahd ehjKk; Nfl;Fk;. mkpo;j ghdKk; rpe;Jk;.

          Mrhd; mfj;jPrd; Mrpahy; rpw;wpd;gj;jpw;F fhuzkhf ,Uf;fpd;w clk;Ng Nghpd;gj;jpw;Fk; fhuzkhf mikfpwJ vd;gij mwpe;j md;Nw kdpjd; flTshfpwhd;. tpe;Jtpl;lhy; nehe;JtpLthd; vd;W NahfpfSf;Fr; nrhd;d fUj;ij ,y;ywj;jhh;fs; ,ij mwpahJ kidtpaplk; $bdhy; tpe;J tpuakhFk; vd;W vz;zp clYwT nfhs;skhl;lhh;fs;. ,jdhy; clk;gpy; mRj;jk; jq;fp clk;G nfl;LtpLk; vd;gij FUFythrk; nra;gth;fs; mwpe;Jnfhs;thh;fs;. kw;wth;fSf;F ,e;j ufrpak; GhpahJ.

           vy;yhk;ty;y ,aw;if flTs; caphpdq;fisg; gilf;Fk; NghNj MZk;> ngz;Zkhf Nrh;j;Jjhd; gilj;Js;sJ. MfNt ,aw;ifNahL nghUe;jp ,y;ywk; elj;jpAk;> jpde;NjhWk; jpahdk; nra;Jk; capiug;gw;wpAs;s Kk;kynkd;Dk; (ky> [y> Rf;fpyk;) ,Uk;Gf; Nfhl;ilia Mrhd; mfj;jPrh; Jiznfhz;L jfh;j;njwpe;J ntw;wp fhz;ghh;fs;.

           ngWjw;fhpa khDlg; gpwtp ngw;wth;fs; milaf;$ba Md;k yhgj;ij milahJ tPz;Muthuk; nra;Ak; Nghyp Md;kPfthjpfsplk; nrd;W> nghUisAk; jd;fhyj;ijAk; tPz; nra;J Nghyp Md;kPfthjpfs; Mf;fk; ngw fhuzkhapUe;J mtidAk; eufj;Jf;Fj; js;Sfpwhd;. jhDk; eufj;Jf;Fr; nry;fpwhd;.


Mrhd; mfj;jPrd; Mrpahy; tUk; ed;ikfs;

          ngWjw;fhpa khDl Njfk; ngw;w ehk; mila Ntz;ba Md;kyhgj;ij ehk; ,sik cs;sNghNj jf;f Mrhid ehb mth;fspd; cgNjrk; ngw;W Mrhd; mfj;jPrid Fwpj;J jpahdk; nra;a Ntz;Lk;. gpwF ek;khy; Kbe;j mstpw;F ViofSf;F grpahw;w Ntz;Lk;. Mrhd; mfj;jPrid jpahdk; nra;tjhy; mUs;gyk; cz;lhFk;. md;djhdk; nra;tjhy; Gz;zpa gyk; NrUk;. Gz;zpa gyKk;> mUs; gyKk; Nrur;Nru Kd;nra;j tpidfs; ePq;Fk;.

           Kd;nra;j tpidfs; ePq;fpdhy; nghy;yhj tWik ePq;Fk;. cly; MNuhf;fpaKk; Vw;gLk;. ePba MASk; cz;lhFk;. Mo;e;J rpe;jpf;ff;$ba rpwg;gwpT tUk;. mepj;jpaj;ijAk;> epj;jpaj;ijAk; mwpaf;$ba nka;Azh;T Vw;gLk;. jFjpAs;s el;G Vw;gLk;. ey;tpid vJ> jPtid vJ vd;W mwpe;J ey;tpidia ngUf;fpf;nfhs;s Mrhd; mfj;jPrd; Jiz ,Ug;ghh;. mwpahik fhuzkhf ehk; gpwUf;F ,ilA+W nra;a Kw;gLk; Nghnjy;yhk; jLj;J Ml;nfhs;thh; mfj;jPrh;. ekf;F ahNuDk; ,ilA+W nra;a Kw;gl;lhy; mijAk; jLj;J fhg;ghw;Wthh;. NkYk; gifik ,y;yhj ngUtho;Tk; jUthh; mfj;jPrh;. ehk; Nkw;nfhs;Sk; njhopy;> tptrhak;> tpahghuk;> cj;Nahfk; ,jpy; jilapy;yhky; vy;yhk; ntw;wp ngwTk; nra;thh;. ve;j tifapYk; ehk; ftiygLk;gbahf ve;j #o;epiyAk; ekf;F Vw;glhky; muz; Nghd;W ,Ue;J cjtp nra;thh;. NkYk; NkYk; Mrhd; mfj;jPrid G+i[ nra;jhy; njhlh;e;J tUfpd;w gpwtpia gw;wp mwpa nra;J gpwg;gpy;yh ngUk;NgiwAk; jUthh;.

           vdNt "Xk; mfj;jPrha ek" vd;W fhiyAk;> khiyAk; 10 epkplk; ehkn[gk; nra;aNtz;Lk;. ,JNt ehk; ngw;w khDl gpwtpia jf;fthW gad;gLj;jpf;nfhs;Sk; khh;f;fkhFk;.

nghJ ,lq;fspy; filgpbf;f Ntz;ba newpKiwfs;

          Mrhd; mfj;jPrd; Mrpngw Ntz;Lnkd;why; nghJ Rfhjhuf;NfL Vw;gLk;gb fz;l ,lq;fspy; ky> [y fopj;jy;> fhhp ckpo;jy;> gyNgh;fs; $bapUf;ff;$ba ,lj;jpy; Gifg;gpbj;jy; Nghd;w tpUk;gjfhj nray;fs; nra;af; $lhJ. NkYk; rhiyapy; nry;Yk;nghOJ fz;zhbfNsh> fw;fNsh> thiog;goj;NjhNyh> Ks;Nsh> MzpNah fple;jhy; mg;Gwg;gLj;JtJ ey;yJ. fz;l ,lq;fspy; Fg;ig nfhl;Ljy; $lhJ. Nkw;fz;l newpKiwfisf; filg;gpbj;jhy; Mrhd; mfj;jPrh; Mrpngwyhk;. NkYk; nghJ,lq;fspy; ez;gh;fs; xUtUf;F xUth; Ngrpf;nfhs;Sk;nghOJ mjpf rg;jk; ,y;yhky; mlf;fkhf NgRjy; ey;yjhFk;.

           nghJ ,lq;fspy; ngz;fs; ,Uf;Fk;nghOJ> rNfhjhpfshf epidj;J mlf;fkhf NgRtJ mfj;jPrh; MrpngWtjw;F NkYk; Jizahf ,Uf;Fk;.

           Nkw;fz;l midj;Jk; xUtif jhdj;jpw;Fl;gl;ljhFk;;.

tPl;by; filgpbf;f Ntz;ba newpKiwfs;

           jpdKk; foptiwia Rj;jkhf itj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; Fspay; miwapy; ghrhd; gpbj;jpUe;jhy; gpsPr;rpq; gTlh; J}tptpl;L rpwpJNeuk; itj;jpUe;J fOtpdhy; ghrhd; Ngha;tpLk;. tPl;Lf;$iuapy; Xl;lil gpbf;;fhky; ghJfhg;ghf itj;Jf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. Jzpfisj; Jitj;J kbj;J itg;gJ ey;yJ.

           czTg;nghUl;fs; rikj;jhy; tPl;by; cs;sth;fis mwpe;J fzf;fhf rikf;fNtz;Lk;. rikj;j czTg;nghUl;fs; kpFjpahf ,Ue;jhy; mf;fk; gf;fk; cs;s ViofSf;F nfhLj;J cjtNtz;Lk;. mjpfkhf rikj;J czTg;nghUis tPzhf;fpdhy; mfj;jPrh; Nfhgj;jpw;F Mshf NehpLk;. mfj;jPrh; Mrpngw KbahJ.

           ehk; xU tpUe;Jf;Fr; nrd;why; Njitahd mstpw;F kl;Lk; czTg;nghUis thq;fNtz;Lk;. czTg;nghUis ,iyapNyNa itj;Jtpl;L te;jhy; mfj;jPrh; mjpfkhf Nfhgk; nfhs;thh;. vd;dhy; nfhLf;fg;gl;l czT tiffis tPz; nra;fpwha; vd;Wk;> filrp fhyj;jpy; cdf;F grpj;j Neuj;jpy; czT fpilf;fhJ vd;Wk; kdjpy; mfj;jPrh; epidg;ghh;.

           ekf;F rh;f;fiu tpahjp tuhky; ,Uf;fNtz;Lk; vd;why; tpUe;jpdh;fSf;F czTg;nghUs; ,iyapy; itf;Fk; nghOJ cq;fSf;F vJ gpbf;Fk; vd;W Nfl;L mJkl;Lk; itj;J rhg;gplr; nra;aNtz;Lk;. mth;fs; clk;gpw;F xj;Jf;nfhs;shj czTg;nghUl;fs; itj;J mth; rhg;gpl;lhy; ,iyapy; itj;Jtpl;Lr;nrd;why;> mjd; Fw;wk; czTg;nghUs; ghpkhwpath;fisNar; rhUk;. ,th;fSf;F rh;f;fiu tpahjp tUtjw;F ,JTk; fhuzk;.

           ekJ ehl;by; cs;s ngz;fs; mjpfkhf Jzpfs; kPJ tpUg;gk; nfhz;L Njitapy;yhky; Mz;Lf;F 3 my;yJ 4 my;yJ 5 tpiykjpg;Gs;s Nriyfis thq;fp ,Ug;G itg;ghh;fs;. Mz;Lf;F Mz;L Nriy thq;fp mLf;fpitj;J moF ghh;g;gijtpl Viog;ngz;fSf;F nfhLj;J moF ghh;g;gJ mijtpl rpwe;jjhFk;. Njitapy;yhky; Jzpfs; epiwa thq;FtJ nghUshjhuj;jpw;Fk; NfL. NkYk; ghJfhg;gJk; fbdk;. vdNt ngz;fs; 3 my;yJ 4 NriyfSf;F Nky; ,Ug;G itj;Jf;nfhs;shky; ,Ug;gJ ey;yJ.

           NkYk; rpyh; 100 gTd; vd;dplk; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;Wk;> 200 gTd; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;Wk; ngUik nfhs;thh;fs;. ,ij tpw;W Ngq;fpy; (tq;fpapy;) Nghl;lhy; 3 Mapuk; my;yJ 4 Mapuk; tl;bAk; fpilf;Fk;> Ngq;fpy; Nghl;l njhif ehl;bd; Mf;fg;gzpf;Fk; gad;gLk;. msNthL eiffs; itj;Jf;nfhs;tJ ey;yNj MFk;. NkYk; gaKk; ,y;iy.

           Fwpg;G

1.
ekf;F gifAs;s Ntz;lhjth;fs; tUk;nghOJ fhhpj;Jg;gf; $lhJ. mg;gb Jg;gpdhy;> mth;fs; kdJ Ntjidg;gLk;. mjd; fhuzkhf ekf;F M];Jkh Neha; cz;lhFk;.
2.
flTs; Mrp ngWtjw;fhf cz;baypy; ngUe;njhif Nghl;L flTspd; Mrpngw epidf;fpwhh;fs; rpyh;. Rj;j Md;kPfthjpfNsh grpj;jth;fSf;F cz;b (czT) nfhLj;J ehSf;F ehs; Md;kgyk; ngw;W flTs; Mfpwhh;fs;.
3.
tpjitg; ngz;fis ghh;f;ff;$lhJ vd;Wk; Rgfhhpaq;fspy; fye;Jnfhs;sf;$lhJ vd;Wk; nrhy;tJ ghtq;fspNyNa kpfg;nghpa ghtkhFk;. mth;fs; tpUk;gpdhy; jpUkzk; nra;J itg;gJ Gz;zpakhFk;.
4. epj;a mD\;lhd G+[h tpjpfis filgpbj;J [PtfhUz;ak; ,y;iy vd;why; me;j G+[h tpjpahy; ahnjhU gaDkpy;iy. [PtfhUz;ak; cs;sth;fs;> epj;a mD\;lhd G+[h tpjpfis filgpbf;fhtpl;lhYk;> mth;fNs mjpf gaDilath;fs; Mthh;fs;.

          cyfj;jpy; cs;s kdpj th;f;fk; mj;jidAk; flTshy; gilf;fg;gl;ljhFk;. gilf;Fk;nghOJ ve;j tpj;jpahrKk; ,y;yhky; xNu khjphpahfj;jhd; gilj;Js;shh;. kdpjhgpkhdk; ,y;yhj> mwpTj;njsptpy;yhj rpyh;> kdpj th;f;fj;ij gy;NtW [hjpfshf gphpj;jpUf;fpwhh;fs;.

           gpw;fhyr; re;jjpfNsh> [hjpNgjj;ij cUthf;fpath;fs;> kdpjNeak; mw;wth; vd;Wk;> rpwg;gwpT ,y;yhjth;fs;jhd; nra;jpUf;fpwhh;fs; vd;Wk; czuhky; ,th;fSk; mth;fs; gphpj;Jitj;j [hjp JNtrj;ij mg;gbNa Vw;Wf;nfhz;L rpyh; xUrpyiu Gwf;fzpf;fpwhh;fs;. ,J flTspd; rk;kjk; ,y;yhj xU nfhLikahFk;. NkYk;> [hjp JNtrk; NgRtJ flTspd; mUs;ngw Kbahky;NghtJ kl;Lky;yhky; eufj;jpw;Fk; nfhz;Lnry;Yk;.

           vdNt> vy;yh kdpj ,dj;ijAk; flTs; gps;isfshf vz;zp> ghrk; nrYj;jpdhy; mtNu ngUe;jifahsh;fSk;> flTSk; Mthh;.

jpUf;Fws;

           Kw;Wngw;w Kdptuhd ts;St ngUkhd; vOjpa E}yhFk;. ,e;j E}y; tPl;by; ,Ue;jhy; flTs; ,Ug;gjw;F xg;ghFk;. jpUf;Fwis ,aw;wpa ts;St ngUkhd; Kk;kykhfpa ghr Njfj;ij ePj;jjhy; mthpd; fUj;Jf;fs; mj;jidAk; vf;fhyj;jpw;Fk; nghUj;jKilajhf ,Uf;Fk;. ,Jehs; tiuapYk; Njhd;wpa mwpQh;fs; ,e;j Fwspd; fUj;J rhpapy;iy vd;Wk;> fhyj;jpw;F xt;thJ vd;Wk; nrhd;djpy;iy. ,dp vf;fhyj;jpYk; nrhy;Ytjw;Fhpa Jzpr;ry; ve;j mwpQh;fSf;Fk; ,Uf;f KbahJ.
cz;ikg;nghUs; mwpahj Mj;jpfthjpiatpl> flTs; ,y;iy vd;W nrhy;Yk; ehj;jpfthjpNa Nkyhdth; Mthh;. fhuzk; mth;fshy; ehl;bw;F Nfby;iy. Mdhy; cz;ikg;nghUs; mwpahj Mj;jpfthjpfNsh nghJkf;fsplk; flTspd; ngauhy; gy rlq;Ffisr; nra;ar; nrhy;thh;fs;. mjdhy; ve;jg;gaDk; kf;fs; mila KbahJ. kf;fs; ngUk;gad; mila Ntz;Lnkd;why;> grpahw;Wtpj;jy;> cz;ikf; flTshd mfj;jPriu G+[pj;jy; Mfpa nray;fNs kf;fs; Kd;Ndw;wkiltjw;F Jizahf ,Uf;Fk;.

FUgfthdpd; Mrpngw

           cyfj;jpy; Mz;Lf;F xUKiw FUgfthd; ngah;r;rp milthh;. ek;iktpl;L FUgfthd; ePq;fhJ ,Uf;fNtz;Lk; vd;why; ehk; jpdKk; fhiy> khiy 10 epkplk; ntz;zpwj;Jzpapy; mkh;e;J> FUgfthdhfpa mfj;jpa Kdptiu "Xk; mfj;jPrha ek" vd;W ehkn[gk; nra;J te;jhy; ehk; gyNfhb n[d;kq;fspy; nra;j ghtq;fs; ePq;Fk;. ghtq;fs; ePq;fpdhy; rpwg;gwpT cz;lhFk;. NkYk; tpahghuk;> tptrhak;> njhopy;> cj;jpNahfk; Mfpait rpwg;ghf mikAk;. NkYk; FLk;gj;jpy; xw;Wik cz;lhFk;. gz;Gs;s Gj;jpughf;fpak; Njhd;Wk;. gifik ePq;fp jFjpAs;s el;G cz;lhFk;. ek;kplk; cs;s Fbg;gof;fk; kw;Wk; #jhLk; gof;fk; ePq;Fk;. NkYk; khkprk; cz;Ztjhy; [PtjaT ,y;yhJ Ngha;tpLk;. %h;f;fj;jdKk; cz;lhFk;.

           rpWnja;tq;fSf;F ML> Nfhop kw;Wk; caph;fis ntl;b nfhy;Ytjhy; ekJ Kd;Ndhh;fs; nra;j Gz;zpaKk; Ngha;tpLk;. ehk; nra;j Gz;zpaKk; Ngha;tpLk;. caph; nfhiy nra;a nra;a nghy;yhj tWik #o;e;JtpLk;. nfhba Gw;WNeha;> gf;fthjk;> jPuhj tapw;Wtyp> typg;G Neha; Nghd;w Neha;fs; #o;e;JtpLk;. NkYk; FLk;gj;jpy; mbf;fb tpgj;J Vw;gLk;. jPuhj gif cz;lhFk;. kdmikjp nfl;LtpLk;. caph;gyp nfhLj;J ghtq;fs; nra;a nra;a mwpT kq;fptpLk;. mwpT kq;fptpl;lhy; vJ ed;ik? vJ jPik? vd;W GhpahJ. fztd; kPJ kidtp re;Njfg;gLtJk;> kidtpkPJ fztd; re;Njfg;gLtJk;> jFjpAs;s ez;gh;fs; kPJ re;Njfg;gLtJk;> ekf;F Jd;gk; te;jhy; mz;zd; jk;gp nra;tpid nra;Jtpl;lhd; vd;Wk; ez;gh;fs; nra;Jtpl;lhh;fs; vd;Wk; tPz; fw;gid nra;J gyNgiu gifj;Jf;nfhs;thh;fs;. ey;y el;igAk; ,oe;JtpLthh;fs;. vij njhl;lhYk; Jyq;fhJ Ngha;tpLk;.

           Nkw;fz;l midj;J Jd;gq;fSk; ePq;fNtz;Lnkd;why; Gyhy; cz;ZtijAk;> caph;f;nfhiy nra;tijAk; jtph;f;f Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; khjk; ,UtUf;fhtJ md;djhdk; nra;aNtz;Lk;. NkYk; fhiy> khiy G+i[ nra;aNtz;Lk;. md;djhdk; nra;Jk;> G+i[nra;Jk; te;jhy; Kd; nra;j ghtq;fs; ePq;Fk;. ghtq;fs; ePq;fpdhy; mwpahik ePq;fp rpwg;gwpT cz;lhFk;. FLk;gj;jpy; cs;sth;fisg;gw;wp Ghpe;Jnfhs;SjYk;> ez;gh;fisg;gw;wpAk; Ghpe;Jnfhs;STk; KbAk;. NkYk; ve;j tpahghuk; nra;jhy; yhgk; cz;lhFNkh mth;fs; mij mwpe;J nra;thh;fs;. Gz;zpaKk; mUs;gyKk; nkd;NkYk; cz;lhdhy;> FLk;gj;jpy; xw;Wik cz;lhFk;. NkYk; vy;yh ed;ikfSk; cz;lhFk;. QhdKk; if$Lk;.

Fwpg;G

           jpdKk; Mrhd; mfj;jPrid G+i[ nra;J te;jhy; Nrhk;gy; ,Uf;fhJ. vjpYk; cw;rhfkhf flikiar; nra;thh;fs;. "jiytd; ahh;?" vd;W mwpe;Jnfhs;s KbAk;. jiytid mwpe;J nfhz;lth;fs; jd;idg;gw;wpAk; mwpthh;fs;. jd;idg;gw;wp mwpfpwth;fs; jkf;F NfLfs; nra;Ak; Kk;kyj;ijAk; mwpe;Jnfhs;thh;fs;. Kk;kyj;ij mwpe;J nfhz;lth;fs; Kk;kyj;ij ePf;fp> epd;kyk; Mthh;fs;. mth;fNs epiwTilath;fs; Mthh;fs;.

           ,e;j rpj;jh;fs; Nghw;wpj; njhFg;gpYs;s 131 kfhd;fspd; ehkKk;> mwpTiufSk; gpd;gw;wp elf;f Ntz;Lnkd;why;> gbg;gjhy; kl;Lk; KbahJ. Mrhd; mfj;jPriu jpdKk; cs;sk; cUfp jpahdk; nra;jhy;jhd; ,e;j E}ypYs;s fUj;Jf;fisg; gpd;gw;wTk; n[d;kj;ijf; filj;Njw;wTk; KbAk;. ntWk; E}ywpT kl;Lk; Vl;Lr; Riuf;fha; fwpf;F cjthjJNghy; gadw;wjhfptpLk;

           rpj;jh;fs; Nghw;wpj; njhFg;ghfpa ,e;j mhpaE}ypy; Kw;Wngw Kdpth;fs; 131 kfhd;fspd; ehkq;fis thpirg;gLj;jp njhFj;Js;Nshk;. md;gh;fs; ,e;j E}iy jpdKk; gagf;jpNahL njhl;L tzq;fp G+[pj;J Nghw;wp te;jhy; vy;yh eyKk; ngw;W ,d;Gw;W tho;thh;fs; vd;gJ rj;jpak;.

Mrhd; mfj;jPrid G+i[ nra;Nthk;!
Mrpngw;W tho;Nthk;!!

kfj;Jtk; nghUe;jpa kfhDk; khNkUntdj; jpfOk; khKdpth; mfj;jPriu jpdKk; rypg;gpy;yhky; G+[pj;J te;jhy; ehk; mwpahikahy; nra;j ghtq;fs; midj;Jk; ePq;fp> ehk; Nkw;nfhs;Sk; midj;J nray;fSk; rpj;jpngWk;. NkYk;> ,y;ywKk; rpwf;Fk;> QhdKk; if$Lk; vd;gJ rj;jpak;. ,e;jE}y rpwpa E}y; vd;whYk; kjpg;gpw;Fhpa E}yhFk;. ,J tPl;by; ,Ug;gJ flTs; ,Ug;gjhf vz;zNtz;Lk;.

= mfj;jpah; rd;khh;f;f rq;fk;>
"Xq;fhuf;Fby;"
115> efh; tphpthf;fk;> JiwA+h; 621 010.

mYtyfk; - 255184/584
/Ngf;] - 255284
FbePh; mYtyfk; - 255884